Angels, Demons, & the Bible

Sarah Bowman
Sarah Bowman, I’ve read the Bible, still read it, and also secular stuff.

questions:

  1. Does the Old Testament of the Bible speak of demons and angels?
  2. Does the New Testament refute the Old Testament?

Demons and Angels

This is two separate topics because demons are normally considered to be evil spirits, while angels are considered to be good. Angels and demons are mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible.

Demons

  • An evil spirit troubled King Saul in the Old Testament so that David had to play the harp to calm him (1 Samuel 16:14-23).
  • The Old Testament warns against human sacrifice to demons, to goat demons, and to demons that were no gods (Psalm 106:37Leviticus 17:7Deuteronomy 32:17).
  • The New Testament is full of references to demons. Jesus cured the demon-possessed. In one case, Jesus’ enemies accused him of being possessed of a demon. Revelation references demon worship. Type “demon” into BibleGateway.com for the full list. Here are three references: Mark 1:34John 7:20Revelation 9:20.

Angels

Angels, specifically the “Angel of the Lord,” sometimes known as Gabriel, are common in the Old and New Testaments and to all branches of Christianity. For a comprehensive overview, see Wikipedia’s article on Angel of the Lord.

Old Testament vs the New Testament

Does the New Testament refute the Old Testament?

According to Matthew, Jesus declared that he did not come to abolish the Law and the Prophets, i.e. the Old Testament, but to fulfill them. He condemns anyone who removes one iota of the law and blesses those who keep the commandments and teach others to keep them (Matt. 5:17–19)

That sounds to me like the opposite of a refutation.

Having said that, I grew up with comments such as, “Oh that’s in the Old Testament,” meaning it does not apply to us now-a-days. I have seen Jews, and others, argue that the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was written specifically for the Jews and not for the rest of humanity. The apostles arrived at this same conclusion when gentile converts balked at the circumcision (Acts 15:1-35).

So what about the Story of Creation, Noah’s Flood, the Exodus from Egypt, the Ten Commandments, and the Psalms? All of these are in the Old Testament and are beloved of Christians. Some of them, such as the Creation Story and Ten Commandments, carry political weight in certain jurisdictions.

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